The Research Problems

discussing The Research Problems In Education is one thing you’d love reading.

The Explanation

The Research Problems
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each research is been geared to solving a particular issue, whether in agriculture, education, engineering, medicine etc.

What then is a rescarchable problem?

A problem is a perplexing and undesirable state of affairs in conflict with an individual or group, for which the appropriate course of action is yet unknown.

When such a conflicting and undesirable state of fairs exists in education, then it is said to be an educational problem worthy of research.

A researchable problem in education should be clearly stated and testable. Therefore, research is a logical, coherent, and unbiased investigation of the suspected relationship between two or more variables that create a given state of affairs. Hence, a research problem describes this suspected relationship.

The whole effort of the researcher is therefore, geared towards a reasonable, consistent and systematic exposition of this relationship.

Problem Identification

  • It is common to note that most research students
    finds it difficult to identify a problem worthy of
    research. It is necessary to remark that a researcher
    at first identifies a broad problem area that he may
    not be able to handle. Then, further explorations and expositions on this broad problem area, through review of relevant literature, enables the researcher to narrow down the problem to a specific and manageable level. Many specific research problems can be identified from a given broad problem area, thus the researcher is advised to bite as much as he can chew. For instance, a broad problem area such as the evaluation of the 6-3-3-4 education system in Nigeria, could be narrowed down to specific research topics such as:The problems of implementation of the senior secondary mathematics curriculum in Rivers
    State.
  • The effects of the use of instructional materials on students’ academic performance in biology in the secondary school. 

 

  • The extent of content coverage of the senior secondary physics curriculum. 

 

  • A study of the factors which affect secondary school principals’ administrative effectiveness in Rivers State.

Sources of educational Problems to Research

Research problems can be identified from three main sources, namely; literature, theory, and persona experience.

(a) Literature

Literature is a useful source of problems to
research. Books, journals, magazines, conference papers, workshop reports, and other publications in the area of interest to the researcher, could provide sufficient insight into the areas requiring further research.

(b) Theory

Theories and principles provide a basis for identifying problems worthy of investigation. According to Nkpa (1997), the application of theoretical principles and propositions to educational situations requires research. Piaget’s theory of intellectual development and maturation is a case in point. A lot of research has been conducted in this regard, and the curricula at various levels of the education system are designed to reflect Piaget theory, as well as other theoretical
discoveries in instructional design and development.

(c) Personal Experience 

Personal observations also serve as sources of researchable problems.

Sometimes students encounter problems worthy of investigation in course of their professional training. For instance, a student on teaching practice can encounter problems with his students in terms of concept comprehension.

If the trainee teacher is research oriented, he could perceive the misconception that transpired during classroom interaction and the poor performance of the students during assessment, as problems worthy of research. Through this approach, many teachers have been able to solve their classroom problems.

Read Also: Problems of Research Work

Criteria for Selecting a good and Researchable Problem

Factors to be considered in the selection of a
research topic or problem are both external and
personal. External criteria have to do with such matters as novelty and importance of the field, availability of data and method, institutional and administrative cooperation. Personal criteria involve such considerations as interest, training and experience, cost, and time. These factors could be summarized as follows:

(a) Novelty

This is necessary to be considered, in order to avoid unnecessary duplication of studies. A research topic should be strange in the sense that no known solution to it exists as at the time of the study.

It is a waste of time, energy and resources to choose a problem whose solution is already known.

(b) Significance

The essence of research is to find solution to
perplexing problems of man. It is necessary to
select topic or research problem whose solution would make valuable contribution towards alleviating the problem of man, especially in the related field of study. It is advisable to avoid trivial problems, whose solution meant little Or NO contribution to the body of organize knowledge.

(c) Availability and Accessibility of Data

This is a very important factor to be considered in sleeting a researchable topic. When the necessary data for solving a particular problem are available and accessible, not such a problem is not researchable. Researchable problem involves variables and attributes that can be defined and measured with the require measuring instruments.

When the required instrument is incapable of
measuring the attribute for which it was designed to measure due to some ethical reasons, such problem is not researchable. For example, consider research problem investigating the proportion of armed
robbers in a particular state.

Such a topic is not researchable for obvious reasons. Firstly, police established cases of armed robbers cannot give accurate account of the proportion of armed robbers.

Secondly, recorded and unrecorded cases
of armed robbery incidence does not indicated the proportion of armed robbers. Thirdly, any inventory designed to provide data on the proportion of armed robbers is incapable of eliciting the required response.

(d) Interest, Training, and Experience

A researcher ought to select problems that are
interesting to him in order to be enthusiastic enough for thorough investigation of the problem. His personal drive is what sustains him till the end of the study. The researcher should be well informed to. the extent of knowing what to. do and how to do it.

(e) Time
A researcher, especially students undergoing the course of their degree programme, should consider the time limit for the study. Avoid topics that might last beyond the time stipulated for the completion and submission of research reports.

(f) Cost

It is advisable to avoid problems that may require huge amount of money in order o be thoroughly investigated and completed. A research worker cannot blame his failure to carry out a thorough study on lack of fund. He is expected to consider the fund available during the selection of a research problem.

(g) Special Equipment and Working Conditions

The researcher should consider the availability of certain special equipment that he cannot improvise before selecting any topic. It is common in sciences for students to abandon their research projects because the equipment to be used for the study are
either broken down or not available. It is also
necessary to consider certain working conditions related to institutional and administrative cooperation.

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