Problems of Research Work In Education.
The difficulties involved in research work are often significant, but the fascinating tales of human problem-solving and discoveries demonstrate how research, combined with creativity, has enabled countless scientists and inventors to enhance the quality of human existence. Research in education and other fields has played a pivotal role in this pursuit of improving human life. In particular, educational research has played a prominent role in this regard, with its specific roles including:
(a) Improvement in the Effectiveness of the Teacher
access to the latest information and teaching methodologies. Educational research reports play a critical role in informing and guiding improvements in teaching methods, teacher evaluation, and modifications of teacher education programs at tertiary institutions.
These reports provide valuable insights and feedback that help educators refine their practices and adapt to changing educational needs. In turn, this leads to the development of more effective teaching strategies, curricula, and programs that benefit both teachers and students. Seminars and workshops are often organized to disseminate the latest research findings and ensure that teachers have access to the most up-to-date information and best practices.
Research ensures that teachers are equipped with the necessary expertise and preparedness to effectively manage new content and adopt new teaching approaches. This ensures that their teaching preparation aligns with the current demands and requirements of their profession. By staying up-to-date with the latest research and practices, teachers can continually improve their knowledge and skills, and adapt to the changing needs of their students and the education system.
Therefore, research plays a crucial role in ensuring that teachers are well-prepared and equipped to effectively carry out their teaching duties.
(b) Providing Solutions to Learning Problems
In the past, different types of educational research have offered solutions to many of the learning challenges faced by students. These challenges include difficulties with concept comprehension, learning disabilities, phobias, anxiety, disinterest in academic pursuits, truancy, and maladjustment to school. Through research, insights have been gained into the relationship between learning and maturation, which has led to the suggestion that the developmental stages of learners should be considered in their readiness to learn.
Educational research has helped to bring attention to these issues and has provided valuable guidance on how to address them. As a result, learners are better equipped to overcome these challenges and achieve their academic goals.
(c) Extending the Frontiers of Knowledge
The findings, theories, and postulates of scientific research conducted in the past have contributed significantly to the advancement of knowledge in every aspect of human life. As long as these discoveries continue to provide solutions to human problems, they are recognized as part of human knowledge.
Research has enabled mankind to continually explore and understand the environment, and build a repository of knowledge about time and events. The progress made through research has helped shape our world and allowed us to overcome some of the most significant challenges facing humanity. Therefore, the conclusions of scientific research play a vital role in advancing human knowledge and improving our lives.
(d) Providing Solution to Educational Problems
The primary purpose of educational research is to address specific challenges within the realm of education. This may involve investigating issues related to teachers, learners, curriculum content and materials, school administration, budget allocations for education, evaluation techniques, and more. The efficacy of any research undertaking in education is measured by the extent to which it offers a fresh perspective or innovative solution to a problem within the field. The success and recognition of an educational research project hinges on its ability to effectively tackle a significant and novel issue.
(e) Improving Educational Practices
Conducting research can result in enhancements in educational methods, as evidenced by the adoption of instructional media and information technology, provision of special education services for individuals with disabilities, education for children from nomadic or migrant fishing backgrounds, updates to the curriculum, and the implementation of improved principles of administration and supervision.
(f) Promoting Creativity and Research Awareness
Historically, many research studies have yielded captivating and thought-provoking discoveries that are particularly appealing to individuals with a creative mindset. Such research can serve as a wellspring of inspiration and can contribute significantly to raising awareness about the value of pursuing research as a means of addressing complex human issues.
The Problems of Research in Nigerià
(a) Poor Financial Support
Insufficient financial support is a significant obstacle to the advancement of research and successful completion of research initiatives in Nigeria. Despite being conducted by talented and highly qualified researchers, both individually and through research centers, many research projects have been thwarted due to inadequate government funding. Furthermore, companies and other organizations that could assist the government in financing research endeavors have exhibited a lack of commitment in fulfilling this responsibility. Consequently, a multitude of research proposals initiated by individuals, research units in tertiary institutions, and other research organizations have been unable to materialize due to financial constraints. The research allowance provided to academic staff in tertiary institutions is also woefully insufficient to support substantial research projects.
(b) Lack of Awareness
In Nigeria, there is a general lack of awareness among most people regarding the significance of research in a developing country. As a result, the activities of research workers are often undervalued, and they do not receive adequate cooperation from their respondents during fieldwork and data collection. It is unfortunate that sometimes, when essential data required for a study must be obtained from individuals occupying high positions in government ministries, parastatals, or companies, these individuals are often unwilling to provide the necessary information.
(c) Poor Statistical Background
Numerous research workers lack proficiency in utilizing appropriate statistical tools for analyzing and interpreting data. The incorrect application of statistical methods during data analysis and hypothesis testing often leads to erroneous conclusions and inferences.
(d) Lack of Facilities and Modern Communication Network.
In certain instances, research workers must travel long distances to obtain data. However, inadequate transportation infrastructure can impede their progress and be a source of frustration. Nonetheless, the availability of modern communication facilities such as telephones, fax machines, and email can be useful in reaching remote areas and addressing this challenge.
Additionally, the unavailability or poor condition of equipment and materials, especially in scientific research, can pose significant difficulties. Outdated or non-existent laboratory equipment can result in errors in research studies as researchers may have to improvise materials to conduct their studies.
(e) Lack of Zeal and Perseverance
Many researchers lack the motivation to persist in their pursuit of discovering new ideas, particularly in the presence of difficulties and setbacks. When confronted with numerous problems and constraints, such researchers tend to abandon their studies and shift their focus to less challenging issues. However, it is noteworthy that earlier researchers accomplished significant discoveries due to their resolute determination to succeed, even in the absence of research grants or other forms of encouragement.